According to the Association of Building Owners and Managers (BOMA), there are three classifications that can be given to a building. These classifications are Class A, Class B and Class C. We will explore everything from the lowest rated buildings to the highest rated buildings. For example, theater, function room, exhibition hall, museum, skating rink, gym, restaurant, place of worship, dance hall, club room, passenger station, public transport services, docks and entertainment stadiums, etc.
There is a list of 26 items found in Section 6.03, which refers you to other sections of the code that allow you to use the materials listed in this section. The following are several types of buildings. Residential buildings are those in which at least one sleeping facility is provided for normal residential purposes, with or without cooking and eating facilities (except institutional buildings). These include any building used for school, college, or daycare purposes that involves assembly for instruction, education, or recreation and that is not covered by assembly buildings.
Institutional buildings are used for various purposes, such as medical treatment, other treatment or care of persons suffering from physical or mental illnesses, illnesses or ailments, care of infants or the elderly, and for criminal or correctional detention in which the freedom of prisoners is restricted. Institutional buildings are important, including dormitories for occupants. These buildings are used for business transactions (other than those covered by commercial buildings), for the maintenance of accounts and records, and for similar purposes; offices, banks, professional establishments, courts and libraries. Although Chapter 5 of the International Building Code (IBC) covers how large and tall a building is allowed to be based on its type of construction and occupancy classification, this publication will only cover what the different types of building classifications are.
The building code requires that each building be classified as one of five possible types of construction. These will include any building or group of buildings under a single administration, in which sleeping accommodation, with or without dining facilities, is provided for hotels rated up to Four Star class. It is essential to correctly classify a building by its type of construction to take into account the response that a building will have to a fire that occurs inside the building as a result of the occupancy it serves. Accounts, records and similar purposes, professional establishments, service facilities are also classified in these buildings.
On the other hand, if a building is incorrectly classified in a lower category, the building will not be constructed in the manner required for its intended use and will give rise to a relative risk to the occupants it serves. The different building classifications are found in Section 602 of the International Building Code. These buildings have more than 4 floors and elevations greater than 15 meters (without piles) or 17.5 meters (with piles) above the average level of the main road are classified as tall buildings. These will include any building in which sleeping accommodation is provided for traditional residential purposes with or without cooking or eating or each of the facilities, except any building classified in Group C.
While you now have a better understanding of the above-mentioned construction-type classifications, it is important to know that they are also subdivided into two categories that are used to identify differences in the degree of fire resistance required. There are several types of buildings that are classified based on various criteria, such as size, function, construction, style, design, etc. If accommodation for more than twenty people is provided in any residential building, it will be classified as a building in Subdivision A-1 or Subdivision A-4 because the case could also be. However, the International Building Code (IBC 201) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC) classify buildings based on usage & occupancy.
If a building is incorrectly classified in a higher category, for example, the owner may end up paying a higher construction cost for the building, even though it doesn't need to be classified as such because of its occupancy rating. Chapter 6 of the International Building Code (IBC) describes the requirements to correctly classify a building by its type of construction. . .